Black goji berrym, Latin name: Lycium ruthenicum Murr. Solanaceae, chinese goji is a thorn Bush, much branched; branches ascending or lying on the ground, white or grayish-white, hard, often zigzag winding, irregular vertical stripes, branchlets acuminate at the top into a pointed calthrop, shortening of internodes, berry globose, thin skin, after matrue the skin is black-purple, fruit contained rich purplish red pigment, easily soluble in water, which belongs to natural water-soluble glucoside flavonoids of design and color.
Black goji berry is distributed in the alpine sand forest, saline sandy land, nullah, and desert riparian forest, is the varieties of medicinal plants of the desert in Western China. The adaptability of wild black goji berry is very good, can endure 38.5℃ high temperature, cold resistance is also very strong, at -25.6℃ without freeze injury, drought tolerance, can still grow in the desert. It is intolerant tree species, grow thrive under full sunlight, and shade grown thin, very few flowers and fruit. Not strict with the soil, salt tolerance, and drought tolerance,
"Uyghur medicine" recorded, Uighur doctor used black goji berry fruit and root to treat urinary tract stones, ringworm scabies, bleeding gums,etc. Civil used as a tonic and strong, clear vision and blood pressure medication.
"Four medical tantras" "Shel gong shel phreng" of Tibetan medicine classics recorded, black goji berry is used to treat heart fever, heart disease, irregular menstruation, menopause, and with great effect. Civil as a strong tonic, hypotensive drugs.